The Independent Administration of Estates Act (IAEA) is a series of laws allowing the personal representative to administer most aspects of the decedent‘s estate without court supervision. The authority to administer the estate under the IAEA can be given by the decedent‘s will or by the court upon petition by the personal representative. It is generally done when the probate proceeding is initiated but can be done at any time during the proceedings. (California Probate Code §§ 10400 et seq.)

An estate cannot be administered under the IAEA if the decedent‘s will prohibits it (Cal. Prob. Code § 10450) or if an interested party provides court-approved good cause why it should not be administered under the IAEA (Cal. Prob. Code § 10454(d)). Also, an objecting interested person with good cause may convince the court to grant restrictions to the powers of the personal representative acting under IAEA. If the restriction is granted, the authority of the personal representative becomes “limited” rather than “full.” (Cal. Prob. Code § 10454(e).)